Oil Gas

I am trying to search the current trends in oil gas technology for preparing research proposal?

I want to know the current oil/gas development issues need research.

The biggest game-changer in the oil and gas industry these days is horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing of gas shale and oil bearing shales. For most of the history of the oil industry these rocks were bypassed because there was no economic way to get the gas and oil out, and most did not realize that significant quantities of oil and gas remained in these rocks that were (and still are) known as source rocks. The old idea was that when the rock reached maturity and underwent catagenesis, most of the oil and gas generated slowly escaped into overlying rocks that had more porosity and permeability. The oil and gas then migrated (one school of thought says only upward, while another endorses lateral migration) to a reservoir rock that had capacity to hold oil and gas in its pores. That reservoir rock would have to be trapped by some impermeable rock. Now it is understood that a shale can act as source and trap, and while the permeability is in nanodarcies, it can contain huge amounts of oil and gas that were not detectable using many past tools. Most of this field is still unknown and needs research, both the geologic part and the engineering part that involves hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling. One particularly important issue that is poorly understood is how large the drainage area is for these reservoirs. Current practices show that downspacing in existing fields often results in good wells, meaning the original spacing was probably improperly calculated. Knowing the ultimate recovery from these reservoirs depends on this knowledge and as yet it is poorly defined (2013). If there are operators that have cracked the code, they are not sharing this knowledge yet.

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Scully Nozzle Swivel 05815
Scully Nozzle Swivel 05815
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Gilbarco T17622 G8 PPU Display LED Backlight Kit 2 Bulb NEW T17586B
Gilbarco T17622 G8 PPU Display LED Backlight Kit 2 Bulb NEW T17586B
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1 2 Gas Tec Coated Copper Under Ground Propane Natural Gas Tubing 100 ft
1 2 Gas Tec Coated Copper Under Ground Propane Natural Gas Tubing 100 ft
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Enardo In line Flame Arrestor 3 Grooved Ends Model 803 CIL
Enardo In line Flame Arrestor 3 Grooved Ends Model 803 CIL
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Golden Rod Water Block Fuel Filter Separator
Golden Rod Water Block Fuel Filter Separator
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Healy Nozzle ORVR H Rebuilt
Healy Nozzle ORVR H Rebuilt
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ROYCO 899 LOT OF 24 QUARTS ADVANCED SYNTH AIRCRAFT ENGINE TURBINE OIL 8 2016 NEW
ROYCO 899 LOT OF 24 QUARTS ADVANCED SYNTH AIRCRAFT ENGINE TURBINE OIL 8 2016 NEW
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PARKER HANNIFIN CORPORATION DUAL ORIFICE FUEL NOZZLE ASSY
PARKER HANNIFIN CORPORATION DUAL ORIFICE FUEL NOZZLE ASSY
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American Controls Liquid Dispense Meter System Petroleum Based Meter Air Hydr
American Controls Liquid Dispense Meter System Petroleum Based Meter Air Hydr
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American Controls Liquid Dispense Meter System Petroleum Based Meter Air Hydr
American Controls Liquid Dispense Meter System Petroleum Based Meter Air Hydr
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NEW Gilbarco T17622 G9 Gallons Display 3 Bulb LED For Highline
NEW Gilbarco T17622 G9 Gallons Display 3 Bulb LED For Highline
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Veeder Root PLLD Line Leak Transducer 848480 001
Veeder Root PLLD Line Leak Transducer 848480 001
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Trac Pipe AutoFlare FGP RST TEE 500 P500
Trac Pipe AutoFlare FGP RST TEE 500 P500
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2 5 Gal 20L EU Gas Gasoline Fuel Army NATO Can Military Metal Steel Tank Backup
2 5 Gal 20L EU Gas Gasoline Fuel Army NATO Can Military Metal Steel Tank Backup
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New Veeder Root Gilbarco TLS 350 TLS 300 Printer Door Assembly Group 329370 004
New Veeder Root Gilbarco TLS 350 TLS 300 Printer Door Assembly Group 329370 004
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No Spill 0206 Extension Gas Can Flexible 6 Inches With High Quality Hose Spout
No Spill 0206 Extension Gas Can Flexible 6 Inches With High Quality Hose Spout
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CUMMINS 3904374 PUMP FUEL TRANSFER NEW
CUMMINS 3904374 PUMP FUEL TRANSFER NEW
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USED Veeder Root PLLD Line Leak Transducer 848480 001
USED Veeder Root PLLD Line Leak Transducer 848480 001
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Midwest Can 5 Gallon Capacity Diesel Oil Mixes Durable HDPE Yellow Fuel Portable
Midwest Can 5 Gallon Capacity Diesel Oil Mixes Durable HDPE Yellow Fuel Portable
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CCI Thermal Technologies NGS 1000 Natural Gas Scrubber Model NGS 4
CCI Thermal Technologies NGS 1000 Natural Gas Scrubber Model NGS 4
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Mud Pump Piston Bushing 3128313618 3128 31 3618
Mud Pump Piston Bushing 3128313618 3128 31 3618
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Midwest Can 5 Gallon Capacity Kerosene Oil Mixes Durable HDPE Blue Fuel Portable
Midwest Can 5 Gallon Capacity Kerosene Oil Mixes Durable HDPE Blue Fuel Portable
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Tokheim 902E AFC G Gas Pump Controller
Tokheim 902E AFC G Gas Pump Controller
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New Gilbarco Veeder Root Advantage EPP CRIND Dispenser Door Black
New Gilbarco Veeder Root Advantage EPP CRIND Dispenser Door Black
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Below Grade OPW Fuel Tank Cover Inner Lid w three Seals Gaskets  H12620
Below Grade OPW Fuel Tank Cover Inner Lid w three Seals Gaskets H12620
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Kemper FNPT Insulated Hammer Union 2 Fig 211 2000CWP
Kemper FNPT Insulated Hammer Union 2 Fig 211 2000CWP
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12V Motor Oil Diesel FUEL Fluid Extractor Electric Siphon Transfer Change Pump
12V Motor Oil Diesel FUEL Fluid Extractor Electric Siphon Transfer Change Pump
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CC FNPT Hammer Union 1 Fig 200 2000CWP lot of 4
CC FNPT Hammer Union 1 Fig 200 2000CWP lot of 4
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CC Solid Female Sub Hammer Union End Cap 4 Fig 200
CC Solid Female Sub Hammer Union End Cap 4 Fig 200
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DRESSER WAYNE SECURE IX BLUE WU001031
DRESSER WAYNE SECURE IX BLUE WU001031
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Motor Oil Diesel FUEL Fluid Extractor Electric Siphon Transfer Change Pump 12V
Motor Oil Diesel FUEL Fluid Extractor Electric Siphon Transfer Change Pump 12V
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Guiberson API Hammer Union 2 HT 23130 6666CWP
Guiberson API Hammer Union 2 HT 23130 6666CWP
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