Oil Gas

I am trying to search the current trends in oil gas technology for preparing research proposal?

I want to know the current oil/gas development issues need research.

The biggest game-changer in the oil and gas industry these days is horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing of gas shale and oil bearing shales. For most of the history of the oil industry these rocks were bypassed because there was no economic way to get the gas and oil out, and most did not realize that significant quantities of oil and gas remained in these rocks that were (and still are) known as source rocks. The old idea was that when the rock reached maturity and underwent catagenesis, most of the oil and gas generated slowly escaped into overlying rocks that had more porosity and permeability. The oil and gas then migrated (one school of thought says only upward, while another endorses lateral migration) to a reservoir rock that had capacity to hold oil and gas in its pores. That reservoir rock would have to be trapped by some impermeable rock. Now it is understood that a shale can act as source and trap, and while the permeability is in nanodarcies, it can contain huge amounts of oil and gas that were not detectable using many past tools. Most of this field is still unknown and needs research, both the geologic part and the engineering part that involves hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling. One particularly important issue that is poorly understood is how large the drainage area is for these reservoirs. Current practices show that downspacing in existing fields often results in good wells, meaning the original spacing was probably improperly calculated. Knowing the ultimate recovery from these reservoirs depends on this knowledge and as yet it is poorly defined (2013). If there are operators that have cracked the code, they are not sharing this knowledge yet.

Find Oil Gas On eBay Below:

Apache 99000278 3 4 Gasoline Automatic Fuel Nozzle Kit
Apache 99000278 3 4 Gasoline Automatic Fuel Nozzle Kit
$97.09
Fuel Petrol Diesel Liquid Hand Pump Bulb Transfer PVC Syphon 10mm Pipe Black
Fuel Petrol Diesel Liquid Hand Pump Bulb Transfer PVC Syphon 10mm Pipe Black
$3.98
Apache Hose  Belting 99000241 Unleaded Fuel NOZ Clip
Apache Hose Belting 99000241 Unleaded Fuel NOZ Clip
$5.53
NEW BSA B31 RED PAINTED CHROME GAS FUEL PETROL TANK REPRODUCTION
NEW BSA B31 RED PAINTED CHROME GAS FUEL PETROL TANK REPRODUCTION
$360.00
NEW 1950 BSA A7 PLUNGER MODEL CHROME AND PAINTED FUEL GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
NEW 1950 BSA A7 PLUNGER MODEL CHROME AND PAINTED FUEL GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
$390.00
NEW BSA ZB32 GOLD STAR BLACK PAINTED CHROME GAS PETROL TANK 1950 WITH PETROL CAP
NEW BSA ZB32 GOLD STAR BLACK PAINTED CHROME GAS PETROL TANK 1950 WITH PETROL CAP
$350.00
NEW BSA C10 C11 CHERRY PAINTED CHROMED GAS FUEL TANK
NEW BSA C10 C11 CHERRY PAINTED CHROMED GAS FUEL TANK
$380.00
NEW BSA B25 B44 STARFIRE BLUE PAINTED STEEL GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
NEW BSA B25 B44 STARFIRE BLUE PAINTED STEEL GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
$365.00
NEW IMPERIAL 1936 MODEL 100 350CC CHROME  RED PAINTED FUEL TANK+CHROME CAP TAP
NEW IMPERIAL 1936 MODEL 100 350CC CHROME RED PAINTED FUEL TANK+CHROME CAP TAP
$425.00
NEW BSA GOLD STAR A7 A10 SUPER ROCKET CHROME  BLACK PAINTED GAS PETROL TANK
NEW BSA GOLD STAR A7 A10 SUPER ROCKET CHROME BLACK PAINTED GAS PETROL TANK
$350.00
BSA GOLDEN FLASH A10 PLUNGER MODEL BLACK PAINTED CHROME GAS PETROL TANK
BSA GOLDEN FLASH A10 PLUNGER MODEL BLACK PAINTED CHROME GAS PETROL TANK
$370.00
NEW BSA A65 THUNDERBOLT BLACK PAINTED CHROME GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
NEW BSA A65 THUNDERBOLT BLACK PAINTED CHROME GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
$350.00
NEW IMPERIAL 1936 MODEL 100 350CC CHROME GAS PETROL TANK WITH CHROME CAP + TAP
NEW IMPERIAL 1936 MODEL 100 350CC CHROME GAS PETROL TANK WITH CHROME CAP + TAP
$365.00
NEW BSA B31 BLACK PAINTED CHROME GAS FUEL TANK WITH SPEEDOMETER CAVITY
NEW BSA B31 BLACK PAINTED CHROME GAS FUEL TANK WITH SPEEDOMETER CAVITY
$365.00
NEW BSA A65 SPITFIRE FIREBIRD CHROME PETROL TANK 1960S
NEW BSA A65 SPITFIRE FIREBIRD CHROME PETROL TANK 1960S
$345.00
NEW BSA A7 PLUNGER MODEL CHROME  BLACK PAINTED PETROL TANK 1950SReproduction
NEW BSA A7 PLUNGER MODEL CHROME BLACK PAINTED PETROL TANK 1950SReproduction
$399.00
NEW 1950 BSA A7 PLUNGER MODEL CHROME AND RED PAINTED PETROL TANK
NEW 1950 BSA A7 PLUNGER MODEL CHROME AND RED PAINTED PETROL TANK
$530.00
NEW BSA A65 SPITFIRE HORNET 2 GALLON CHROME PETROL TANK READY TO PAINT
NEW BSA A65 SPITFIRE HORNET 2 GALLON CHROME PETROL TANK READY TO PAINT
$315.00
NEW IMPERIAL 1936 MODEL 100 350CC CHROME  RED PAINTED GAS FUEL TANK+ BRASS CAP
NEW IMPERIAL 1936 MODEL 100 350CC CHROME RED PAINTED GAS FUEL TANK+ BRASS CAP
$440.00
NEW BSA A65 SPITFIRE FIREBIRD CHROME  BLACK PAINTED FUEL TANK 1960S REP
NEW BSA A65 SPITFIRE FIREBIRD CHROME BLACK PAINTED FUEL TANK 1960S REP
$380.00
NEW BSA B25 B44 STARFIRE DUAL PAINTED STEEL GAS FUEL TANK WITH CAP
NEW BSA B25 B44 STARFIRE DUAL PAINTED STEEL GAS FUEL TANK WITH CAP
$365.00
NEW BSA SPITFIRE HORNET 2 GALLON RED AND WHITE PAINTED GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
NEW BSA SPITFIRE HORNET 2 GALLON RED AND WHITE PAINTED GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
$360.00
NEW BSA GOLDEN FLASH A10 PLUNGER MODEL BLACK AND SILVER PAINTED GAS PETROL TANK
NEW BSA GOLDEN FLASH A10 PLUNGER MODEL BLACK AND SILVER PAINTED GAS PETROL TANK
$380.00
NEW BSA A65 THUNDERBOLT BLUE PAINTED CHROME GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
NEW BSA A65 THUNDERBOLT BLUE PAINTED CHROME GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
$365.00
BSA GOLDEN FLASH A10 PLUNGER MODEL GOLDEN PAINTED CHROME GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
BSA GOLDEN FLASH A10 PLUNGER MODEL GOLDEN PAINTED CHROME GAS FUEL PETROL TANK
$375.00
NEW BSA M20 CHROME  SILVER PAINTED PETROL TANK
NEW BSA M20 CHROME SILVER PAINTED PETROL TANK
$365.00
NEW BSA C10 C11 BLACK PAINTED CHROMED GAS FUEL TANK
NEW BSA C10 C11 BLACK PAINTED CHROMED GAS FUEL TANK
$365.00
NEW BSA A7 A10 BLACK PAINTED CHROME GAS PETROL TANK WITH FUEL CAP
NEW BSA A7 A10 BLACK PAINTED CHROME GAS PETROL TANK WITH FUEL CAP
$350.00
NEW BSA C15 CHROMED AND BLACK PAINTED FUEL GAS PETROL TANK REPRODUCTION
NEW BSA C15 CHROMED AND BLACK PAINTED FUEL GAS PETROL TANK REPRODUCTION
$365.00
NEW BSA B25 B44 STARFIRE POLISHED ALLOY ALUMINUM FUEL TANK RAW REPRODUCTION
NEW BSA B25 B44 STARFIRE POLISHED ALLOY ALUMINUM FUEL TANK RAW REPRODUCTION
$525.00
NEW BSA BANTAM D1 D3 RAW PETROL TANK WITH RIGHT SIDE OIL FILLER CAP
NEW BSA BANTAM D1 D3 RAW PETROL TANK WITH RIGHT SIDE OIL FILLER CAP
$255.00
NEW BSA C15 CHROMED AND BLUE PAINTED GAS FUEL PETROL TANK REP
NEW BSA C15 CHROMED AND BLUE PAINTED GAS FUEL PETROL TANK REP
$370.00


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