Oil Gas

I am trying to search the current trends in oil gas technology for preparing research proposal?

I want to know the current oil/gas development issues need research.

The biggest game-changer in the oil and gas industry these days is horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing of gas shale and oil bearing shales. For most of the history of the oil industry these rocks were bypassed because there was no economic way to get the gas and oil out, and most did not realize that significant quantities of oil and gas remained in these rocks that were (and still are) known as source rocks. The old idea was that when the rock reached maturity and underwent catagenesis, most of the oil and gas generated slowly escaped into overlying rocks that had more porosity and permeability. The oil and gas then migrated (one school of thought says only upward, while another endorses lateral migration) to a reservoir rock that had capacity to hold oil and gas in its pores. That reservoir rock would have to be trapped by some impermeable rock. Now it is understood that a shale can act as source and trap, and while the permeability is in nanodarcies, it can contain huge amounts of oil and gas that were not detectable using many past tools. Most of this field is still unknown and needs research, both the geologic part and the engineering part that involves hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling. One particularly important issue that is poorly understood is how large the drainage area is for these reservoirs. Current practices show that downspacing in existing fields often results in good wells, meaning the original spacing was probably improperly calculated. Knowing the ultimate recovery from these reservoirs depends on this knowledge and as yet it is poorly defined (2013). If there are operators that have cracked the code, they are not sharing this knowledge yet.

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GPI Rebuild Overhaul Kit Fits M 120 M 240 M 1100 M 150S M 180S
GPI Rebuild Overhaul Kit Fits M 120 M 240 M 1100 M 150S M 180S
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Natural Gas Pressure Regulator 3 4 Threaded
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New Main Seal 79 47 for Foster 54 02 Power Tong or Gill 700 or TP94 02
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Oil 5 Gallon Hazardous Storage Gas Safety Can Galvanized Yellow Oil Diesel Fills
Oil 5 Gallon Hazardous Storage Gas Safety Can Galvanized Yellow Oil Diesel Fills
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2xCrates of Water Oil Bladder Hoses and Connectors for 50K or 20K Bladders 1
2xCrates of Water Oil Bladder Hoses and Connectors for 50K or 20K Bladders 1
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Sur Lock Mud Pump Piston Rod Link MR2 628 0020 Sure Lock EMSCO FB 1600
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Natural Gas Regulator Maxitrol 210D 1 1 4npt
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Lot of 6 No Spill 1415 1 1 4 Gallon Poly Gas Can CARB Compliant RED 125 Gal
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Vintage Galvanized Steel Metal Gas Can with Handle Yard Decor
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Lot of 4 No Spill 1457 5 Gallon Poly Diesel Can CARB Compliant YELLOW 5 Gal
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NOS NEW AMOCO FUEL TANK FILTER HEAD ASSEMBLY TYPE A0 6 NIB
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Natural Gas Regulator Maxitrol 210D 1 1 2npt
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NEW Veeder Root 330324 003 330841 0013 output WPLLD Controller Module
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OPW FlexWorks 2 Inch Double Wall Pipe Coupling Stainless Steel
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NEW Husky 2273 3 4 Safe T Break Reconnectable Breakaway
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1 1 2 Vented Metal Gas Can Cap w Cardbrd Gasket Eagle Fuel 5 Gallon Metal Lid
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5 Gallons Oil Waste Drain Drain Dispose Tank Pan Auto Garage Diesel Gas Drain
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NEW EBW Franklin 772 109 01 6 Monitoring Well Cap Plug Yellow
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NEW EBW Franklin 772 102 01 4 Monitoring Well Cap Plug Yellow
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