Oil Gas

I am trying to search the current trends in oil gas technology for preparing research proposal?

I want to know the current oil/gas development issues need research.

The biggest game-changer in the oil and gas industry these days is horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing of gas shale and oil bearing shales. For most of the history of the oil industry these rocks were bypassed because there was no economic way to get the gas and oil out, and most did not realize that significant quantities of oil and gas remained in these rocks that were (and still are) known as source rocks. The old idea was that when the rock reached maturity and underwent catagenesis, most of the oil and gas generated slowly escaped into overlying rocks that had more porosity and permeability. The oil and gas then migrated (one school of thought says only upward, while another endorses lateral migration) to a reservoir rock that had capacity to hold oil and gas in its pores. That reservoir rock would have to be trapped by some impermeable rock. Now it is understood that a shale can act as source and trap, and while the permeability is in nanodarcies, it can contain huge amounts of oil and gas that were not detectable using many past tools. Most of this field is still unknown and needs research, both the geologic part and the engineering part that involves hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling. One particularly important issue that is poorly understood is how large the drainage area is for these reservoirs. Current practices show that downspacing in existing fields often results in good wells, meaning the original spacing was probably improperly calculated. Knowing the ultimate recovery from these reservoirs depends on this knowledge and as yet it is poorly defined (2013). If there are operators that have cracked the code, they are not sharing this knowledge yet.

Find Oil Gas On eBay Below:

New Drilling Rig Rotating Head Stripper PN 20180551N 4 hole
New Drilling Rig Rotating Head Stripper PN 20180551N 4 hole
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DART COMMUNICATION PROTOCOL FOR WAYNE DRESSER DISPENSERS
DART COMMUNICATION PROTOCOL FOR WAYNE DRESSER DISPENSERS
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SYPHON TRANSFER PUMP Battery Powered Fuel Gas Autostop Overflow Feature 6 Gallon
SYPHON TRANSFER PUMP Battery Powered Fuel Gas Autostop Overflow Feature 6 Gallon
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5 PCS Jerry Can 20L Liter 5 Gallons Steel Tank Fuel Gasoline Green w Spout
5 PCS Jerry Can 20L Liter 5 Gallons Steel Tank Fuel Gasoline Green w Spout
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New Halliburton Trophy Seal Float Shoe 7 8RD thread
New Halliburton Trophy Seal Float Shoe 7 8RD thread
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Scepter Spouts Kit Gas Can Parts 4 Screw Replacement Nozzle 2x Cap Vent 03647
Scepter Spouts Kit Gas Can Parts 4 Screw Replacement Nozzle 2x Cap Vent 03647
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WEDCO 25 GALLON JERRY GAS CAN Flex Nozzle Spout Pre Ban Vented 2 1 2
WEDCO 25 GALLON JERRY GAS CAN Flex Nozzle Spout Pre Ban Vented 2 1 2
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Brand New Fill Rite KIT900GR Kit 900 Series Gallon Register  Faceplate
Brand New Fill Rite KIT900GR Kit 900 Series Gallon Register Faceplate
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Moeller Fluid Extractor with Dual Action Vacuum Pump
Moeller Fluid Extractor with Dual Action Vacuum Pump
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Gasoline Oil Diesel Delivery Petrol Electronic Fuel Meter Nozzle Dispenser
Gasoline Oil Diesel Delivery Petrol Electronic Fuel Meter Nozzle Dispenser
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WEDCO 5 GALLON JERRY Gas Can Flex Nozzle Spout Pre Ban Vented
WEDCO 5 GALLON JERRY Gas Can Flex Nozzle Spout Pre Ban Vented
$39.99
Catlow Vac Assist Cam Twist Magnetic Break CTMVA
Catlow Vac Assist Cam Twist Magnetic Break CTMVA
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Gardner Denver Aluminum Bronze Triplex Fluid End and Stuffing Boxes
Gardner Denver Aluminum Bronze Triplex Fluid End and Stuffing Boxes
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WEDCO 5 GALLON JERRY CAN Kerosene Nozzle Spout Pre Ban Vented
WEDCO 5 GALLON JERRY CAN Kerosene Nozzle Spout Pre Ban Vented
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RIKEN KEIKI JAPAN MODEL OX 82 OXYGEN ANALYSIS DETECTION MONITOR GAS LABORATORY
RIKEN KEIKI JAPAN MODEL OX 82 OXYGEN ANALYSIS DETECTION MONITOR GAS LABORATORY
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Gasoline Oil Delivery Tool Petrol Electronic Fuel Meter Nozzle Dispenser
Gasoline Oil Delivery Tool Petrol Electronic Fuel Meter Nozzle Dispenser
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NOS DECKMA HAMBURG OMD 2005 MEASURING CELL OIL MIST DETECTOR 75500 SENSOR
NOS DECKMA HAMBURG OMD 2005 MEASURING CELL OIL MIST DETECTOR 75500 SENSOR
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GMI PERSONAL SURVEYOR OXYGEN O2 LEVEL PERCENTAGE DETECTOR
GMI PERSONAL SURVEYOR OXYGEN O2 LEVEL PERCENTAGE DETECTOR
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DTH Hammer Bit 3 3 4 inch
DTH Hammer Bit 3 3 4 inch
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ELECTRONIC INDUSTRIAL GRADE STETHOSCOPE MODEL EM410 WITH ADAPTERS
ELECTRONIC INDUSTRIAL GRADE STETHOSCOPE MODEL EM410 WITH ADAPTERS
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NOS IN BOX NAVAL MALMO SWEDEN LA 2007 LINE AMPLIFIER 15 26 DB FREQUENCY 40 860MZ
NOS IN BOX NAVAL MALMO SWEDEN LA 2007 LINE AMPLIFIER 15 26 DB FREQUENCY 40 860MZ
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Brand New Fill Rite FR113 Rotary Hand Pump
Brand New Fill Rite FR113 Rotary Hand Pump
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RESURS TOTAL ENGINE Restoration Nano OIL For Petrol Diesel LPG Technology 2x
RESURS TOTAL ENGINE Restoration Nano OIL For Petrol Diesel LPG Technology 2x
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NOS TELEMECANIQUE XAC A02 AO3 LOADING HYDRAULIC CRANE HEAVY LIFT REMOTE CONTROL
NOS TELEMECANIQUE XAC A02 AO3 LOADING HYDRAULIC CRANE HEAVY LIFT REMOTE CONTROL
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19 INCH BOAT YACHT WOODEN STEERING WHEEL MARINE NAUTICAL SHIPS CONTROL
19 INCH BOAT YACHT WOODEN STEERING WHEEL MARINE NAUTICAL SHIPS CONTROL
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FILL RITE Manual Rotary Hand Pump 10Gal Anti Siphoning Vent Check Valve Strainer
FILL RITE Manual Rotary Hand Pump 10Gal Anti Siphoning Vent Check Valve Strainer
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MERLIN GERIN VIGILOHM SYSTEM ELECTRIC CURRENT CLAMP METER PINCE XP 100 VOLTAGE
MERLIN GERIN VIGILOHM SYSTEM ELECTRIC CURRENT CLAMP METER PINCE XP 100 VOLTAGE
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17 INCH SHIPS BOAT YACHT MARINE NAVIGATION HORN WHISTLE
17 INCH SHIPS BOAT YACHT MARINE NAVIGATION HORN WHISTLE
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7 OPW 8BL 0400 BLACK FILLGUARD SPLASH GUARD FOR CONVENTIONAL NOZZLE
7 OPW 8BL 0400 BLACK FILLGUARD SPLASH GUARD FOR CONVENTIONAL NOZZLE
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NOS GUARDIAN TELECOM CANADA WEATHER RESISTANT TELEPHONE WRT 10
NOS GUARDIAN TELECOM CANADA WEATHER RESISTANT TELEPHONE WRT 10
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1IN AUTO HIGH FLOW NOZZLE
1IN AUTO HIGH FLOW NOZZLE
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SIPHON PUMP
SIPHON PUMP
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