Oil Gas

I am trying to search the current trends in oil gas technology for preparing research proposal?

I want to know the current oil/gas development issues need research.

The biggest game-changer in the oil and gas industry these days is horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing of gas shale and oil bearing shales. For most of the history of the oil industry these rocks were bypassed because there was no economic way to get the gas and oil out, and most did not realize that significant quantities of oil and gas remained in these rocks that were (and still are) known as source rocks. The old idea was that when the rock reached maturity and underwent catagenesis, most of the oil and gas generated slowly escaped into overlying rocks that had more porosity and permeability. The oil and gas then migrated (one school of thought says only upward, while another endorses lateral migration) to a reservoir rock that had capacity to hold oil and gas in its pores. That reservoir rock would have to be trapped by some impermeable rock. Now it is understood that a shale can act as source and trap, and while the permeability is in nanodarcies, it can contain huge amounts of oil and gas that were not detectable using many past tools. Most of this field is still unknown and needs research, both the geologic part and the engineering part that involves hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling. One particularly important issue that is poorly understood is how large the drainage area is for these reservoirs. Current practices show that downspacing in existing fields often results in good wells, meaning the original spacing was probably improperly calculated. Knowing the ultimate recovery from these reservoirs depends on this knowledge and as yet it is poorly defined (2013). If there are operators that have cracked the code, they are not sharing this knowledge yet.

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New Veeder Root Ground Water Sensor 794380 622
New Veeder Root Ground Water Sensor 794380 622
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Samson Pump Master 3 Oil Dispenser A087
Samson Pump Master 3 Oil Dispenser A087
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Military 5 gallon SCEPTER FUEL CAN JERRY CAN Oil Diesel Gas Fuel Humvee Jeep
Military 5 gallon SCEPTER FUEL CAN JERRY CAN Oil Diesel Gas Fuel Humvee Jeep
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Kerosene Oil Can Scepter 5 Gallon Blue Plastic Self Venting Spout
Kerosene Oil Can Scepter 5 Gallon Blue Plastic Self Venting Spout
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Reliance Super J Can 5 Gallon Easy Pour Gas Can Gas Jug Winnipeg Canada J Can
Reliance Super J Can 5 Gallon Easy Pour Gas Can Gas Jug Winnipeg Canada J Can
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SCEPTER 1 GALLON SELF VENTING RED PLASTIC GAS CAN Easy Pour
SCEPTER 1 GALLON SELF VENTING RED PLASTIC GAS CAN Easy Pour
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Maxitrol 325 3 1 2 325 3L 2 PSIG Class 1 Po 7 11 Z2180 CSA622 Pressure Reg
Maxitrol 325 3 1 2 325 3L 2 PSIG Class 1 Po 7 11 Z2180 CSA622 Pressure Reg
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Unused Ward Hose Module NOZ RF Unit
Unused Ward Hose Module NOZ RF Unit
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New Veeder Root 846000 021 Emergency Stop Switch
New Veeder Root 846000 021 Emergency Stop Switch
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Gilbarco Gas Boy 35634 1860 Meter Register New
Gilbarco Gas Boy 35634 1860 Meter Register New
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Schlumberger CENTURION Main CPU Board 1400297 Rev Q
Schlumberger CENTURION Main CPU Board 1400297 Rev Q
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10X BLITZ Yellow Spout Cap fits self venting gas can spouts 900302 900092 900094
10X BLITZ Yellow Spout Cap fits self venting gas can spouts 900302 900092 900094
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Transfer Pump Gas 12V DC 20GPM Gasoline Fuel Diesel Kerosene w Nozzle Kit
Transfer Pump Gas 12V DC 20GPM Gasoline Fuel Diesel Kerosene w Nozzle Kit
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Mr Heater F273763 Two stage Propane Regulator
Mr Heater F273763 Two stage Propane Regulator
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5 New Rubber Gaskets Gas Can Spout Gott Rubbermaid Blitz Wedco Scepter Eagle
5 New Rubber Gaskets Gas Can Spout Gott Rubbermaid Blitz Wedco Scepter Eagle
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Franklin Fueling Systems TS VFM Vapor Flow Meter
Franklin Fueling Systems TS VFM Vapor Flow Meter
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Jackson Safety QNBF 2 BP Quick Trik Cable Connector Case of 12
Jackson Safety QNBF 2 BP Quick Trik Cable Connector Case of 12
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Dresser Wayne 892121 001 QVGA Display LED Cable Assy
Dresser Wayne 892121 001 QVGA Display LED Cable Assy
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10 Pk BLITZ Yellow Spout Cap FITS self venting gas can diesel kersosene rotopax
10 Pk BLITZ Yellow Spout Cap FITS self venting gas can diesel kersosene rotopax
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Tokheim Schlumberger 5x4 Keypad 0080080 NEW
Tokheim Schlumberger 5x4 Keypad 0080080 NEW
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2PCS Aluminum Rotary Gas Oil Fuel Hand Pump 55 Gallons Self Priming Dispenser
2PCS Aluminum Rotary Gas Oil Fuel Hand Pump 55 Gallons Self Priming Dispenser
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Dresser Wayne 882578 016 NDESCPM Keypad NEW 1 YR Warr
Dresser Wayne 882578 016 NDESCPM Keypad NEW 1 YR Warr
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5 Pack Scepter Brand Genuine Repl Rear Vent Gas Can Cap AmeriCan Child Resistant
5 Pack Scepter Brand Genuine Repl Rear Vent Gas Can Cap AmeriCan Child Resistant
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Tokheim Premier 421186 4 Blend Control Board
Tokheim Premier 421186 4 Blend Control Board
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Fill Rite RD812NP 8 GPM 12V Portable Fuel Transfer Pump NEW OPEN BX H 44
Fill Rite RD812NP 8 GPM 12V Portable Fuel Transfer Pump NEW OPEN BX H 44
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10 New Rubber Gaskets Gas Can Spout Gott Rubbermaid Blitz Wedco Scepter Eagle
10 New Rubber Gaskets Gas Can Spout Gott Rubbermaid Blitz Wedco Scepter Eagle
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15 New Rubber Gaskets Gas Can Spout Gott Rubbermaid Blitz Wedco Scepter Eagle
15 New Rubber Gaskets Gas Can Spout Gott Rubbermaid Blitz Wedco Scepter Eagle
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20 New Rubber Gaskets Gas Can Spout Gott Rubbermaid Blitz Wedco Scepter Eagle
20 New Rubber Gaskets Gas Can Spout Gott Rubbermaid Blitz Wedco Scepter Eagle
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VeriFone Ruby 24049 01 Magnetic Reader Replacement NEW
VeriFone Ruby 24049 01 Magnetic Reader Replacement NEW
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24V DC 1056GPM Fuel Oil Transfer Pump Diesel Kerosene Biodiesel Pump
24V DC 1056GPM Fuel Oil Transfer Pump Diesel Kerosene Biodiesel Pump
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Tokheim Premier BC Valve Interface Board 421284 1
Tokheim Premier BC Valve Interface Board 421284 1
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6 Pack Scepter Brand Genuine Repl Rear Vent Gas Can Cap AmeriCan Child Resistant
6 Pack Scepter Brand Genuine Repl Rear Vent Gas Can Cap AmeriCan Child Resistant
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